A female Olympic handball player was fined for playing in shorts instead of a bikini bottom. A female Paralympic athlete told championship officials that her shorts were “too short and inappropriate.” Tired of sexual sensations, Olympic female gymnasts chose full-length unitards instead of bikini-cut leotards.
“The clothing of female athletes is constantly being scrutinized,” said Philip Veliz of the University of Michigan School of Nursing. “No one has said that the pants of baseball and soccer players are too tight.”
According to a survey by Veliz and colleagues, gender stereotypes and double standards are: Female athlete They are treated differently or are not taken as seriously as their male counterparts and survive among their parents.
Researchers surveyed more than 3,000 boys girl Seven to 17 years old and their parents / guardians were surprised that about one-third (32%) of their parents believed that boys were better across the country. Sports From a girl. And parents of young people who have never played sports tend to believe that girls are less competitive than boys and that sports are more important to boys than girls.
The study did not specifically examine girls’ sexuality in sports, but these stereotypes were seen in the Olympic uniform controversy, which was fined for the Norwegian women’s beach handball team’s refusal to play. Veris said that it could lead to the type of sexualization of female athletes who are exposed, obligatory bikini outfits.
Research found it Gender stereotype And the lack of female coaches as role models is one of the biggest reasons girls quit or don’t participate in sports, Veris said.
“The average age at which children participate in sports is six, which requires a great deal of parental involvement,” says Veliz. “If you believe a boy is better than a girl, you may be taking the girl to another activity or not playing sports at all.”
Girls (43%) are more likely than boys (35%) to have never played sports and are less likely to be playing sports now, with 36% of girls compared to nearly 46% of boys. Overall, about 40% of the young people surveyed say they are currently playing sports.
“Sports are the most popular extracurricular activity in the United States for both boys and girls. Still, this gender gap in participation continues and parents may be driving some of this,” said the Schoolof. Said Veliz, an assistant professor of research at. Deputy Director of Nursing and Research Institutes on Women and Gender, and the Center for Research and Policy on Sports, Health, and Activities.
Studies show that African Americans and low-income young people, especially girls, are least likely to be current players and most likely never played or dropped out. Both boys and girls reported being teased, but for girls, bullying was worse in teens than in younger years.
Velis said another problem for girls was the relatively small number of female coaches. Only 58% of girls had female coaches, compared to 88% of boys who reported having male coaches.
“We see a big gender difference between who teaches boys and girls,” he said. “We need to ask why women’s coaches aren’t increasing. 88% of girls say they have women’s coaches, but women are still underestimated by coaches at the youth level and above. . “
Veris said it was important to convince parents that boys and girls were equally interested in sports and to remove barriers to entry for female coaches. He said this would improve naturally as more female athletes have daughters.
“If you have a mom who used to play sports, you’re likely to say,’I want my daughter to participate in the same way as I do,’” he said.
Another surprise was that few children reported quitting sports because either a boy or a girl was injured. However, more than one-third of the 16% of children who reported experiencing a sports concussion quit. The findings aren’t categorized by gender, but it could be a factor that could discriminately funnel girls out of sports, Velis said.
In fact, the study found that the average age of children who quit sports for some reason was 11. This could mean that the sport has become something different or no longer fun.
“One of the problems with sports in the United States is that it’s really about competition, and some kids just want to play for fun,” he says, hoping to play until they graduate. Veliz said. “Sports are really the main source of physical activity for children. It sets the stage for them as they grow up.”
The study “Making Girls Participate in Games: Factors Affecting Participation in Sports” is believed to be one of the first to investigate factors affecting participation, participation, and dropout rates in sports. increase. It was published by the Women’s Sports Foundation in partnership with The Dick’s Sporting Goods Foundation. WSF was founded by tennis professional Billie Jean King.
The co-authors of the study are Nicole Zallet of the University of South Carolina and Don Sabo of the University of Duville.
By playing sports, some boys may drink drinking
The study is available at www.womenssportsfoundation.org… ummary-FINAL-web.pdf
University of Michigan
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